Title: – Emergency management: event of a disaster or critical situation

we must be able to deal with unexpected situations and respond well to handle emergencies. The success procedure will be determined by the ability to react swiftly. In addition, emergencies are so complex that people must work together, and collective improvisation can be a way of dealing with problems[1]. In addition, because situations, people must work together. Combined training connected a group’s ability to improvise during a crisis involving numerous organizations

Publics are using social media sites like Facebook and Twitter to post updates about what’s happening in the event of an emergency, whether it’s a natural disaster or something else. These updates may contain accounts of persons who have been hurt or killed, damage to infrastructure, urgent needs, and more. We find a wide range of content on social media, from text messages to photographs to videos. Disaster management and response can be improved with the help of information gathered through social media (SM)[2]. Since then, humanitarian organizations have begun using SM data in their operations and analysis processes.

The lessons learned from disaster risk management in Pakistan, Peshawar, Charsadda, Nowshera, and Dera Ismail Khan cities about school emergency predilection. The information gleaned from the interviews was organized using a technique known as “thematic analysis.” A group of 100 people, each of whom has a particular profession, includes senior primary headteachers and teachers[3]. Processing the aerially acquired data (typical images) not only helps Search and Rescue (SAR) operations, where speed is critical, but it also helps figure out how much debris is present and check on the safety of critical infrastructure from without. Conduct reconnaissance and rebuilding work after an event has occurred[4].


  1. Roud, E. (2021). Collective improvisation in emergency response. Safety Science135, 105104.
  2. Imran, M., Ofli, F., Caragea, D., & Torralba, A. (2020). Using ai and social media multimodal content for disaster response and management: Opportunities, challenges, and future directions. Information Processing & Management57(5), 102261.
  3. Shah, A. A., Gong, Z., Pal, I., Sun, R., Ullah, W., & Wani, G. F. (2020). Disaster risk management insight on school emergency preparedness–a case study of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction51, 101805.
  4. Mandirola, M., Casarotti, C., Peloso, S., Lanese, I., Brunesi, E., Senaldi, I., … & Facchetti, C. (2021). Guidelines for using Unmanned Aerial Systems for fast photogrammetry-oriented mapping in emergency response scenarios. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction58, 102207

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